The Pygmalion Effect is a social psychology phenomenon in which the greater the expectations placed on an individual, the better they will perform. The experiment was first conducted in 1964 by Robert Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson, who randomly assigned students to a control group or an experimental group. The teachers were told that the students in the experimental group were expected to show significant intellectual gains over the course of the year. However, the students in the experimental group were actually chosen randomly and were no different academically from the students in the control group.
At the end of the year, the students in the experimental group did indeed show significantly higher intellectual gains than the students in the control group. Rosenthal and Jacobson concluded that the teachers' expectations had a significant impact on student achievement.
The Pygmalion Effect has had a profound impact on the education industry. Educators now recognize that their expectations of their students can have a significant impact on student achievement. As a result, many schools and teachers have implemented strategies to raise expectations for all students.
One way to raise expectations is to provide students with challenging academic work. When students are challenged, they are more likely to learn and grow. Another way to raise expectations is to provide students with positive feedback and encouragement. When students feel supported and valued, they are more likely to succeed.
The Pygmalion Effect has also led to the development of new educational programmes and initiatives. For example, the Response to Intervention (RTI) programme is a three-tiered system of instruction that provides students with increasingly intensive support based on their individual needs. RTI is based on the belief that all students can succeed if given the right support.
The Pygmalion Effect is a powerful reminder that the expectations we have for our students can have a significant impact on their achievement. By raising expectations for all students, we can help them reach their full potential.
Here are some specific examples of how the Pygmalion Effect has benefited the education industry:
Increased student achievement: Studies have shown that students whose teachers have high expectations for them tend to achieve at higher levels. This is because teachers are more likely to challenge these students and provide them with the support they need to succeed.
Reduced achievement gaps: The Pygmalion Effect can also help to reduce achievement gaps between different groups of students. For example, studies have shown that when teachers have high expectations for students from low-income families, these students tend to achieve at higher levels.
Improved student motivation: Students are more likely to be motivated to learn when they know that their teachers believe in them. This is because they feel supported and valued.
Increased teacher morale: Teachers are more likely to be satisfied with their jobs when they know that they are making a difference in the lives of their students. The Pygmalion Effect can help teachers see that their expectations can have a real impact on student achievement.
Overall, the Pygmalion Effect has had a positive impact on the education industry by leading to increased student achievement, reduced achievement gaps, improved student motivation, and increased teacher morale.